UNITED KINGDOM – INTERESTING FACTS 1/ Zjednoczone Królestwo – Interesujące Informacje 2

24 List

W dziale tym będę umieszczał wszelkiego rodzaju ciekawostki dotyczące Wysp Brytyjskich. I uwierzcie mi, troche się tego nazbiera:)

  • The first public zoo in England opened in London in 1829. It was also a world’s first.
  • Windsor Castle is the largest royal home in the world. It is also the oldest still in use as a royal residence.
  • The first hot chocolate store opened in London around 1600. Ironically it was started and run by a Frenchman who made it very popular to drink hot chocolate. In a hundred years you could find almost as many hot chocolate stores as you could coffee and tea houses.
  • The Great Pyramid of Giza was the tallest constructing edifice until 1280, when the Lincoln Cathedral took that moniker. Some of the cathedral was demolished in 1549, but it still retained its tall stature until 1884.
  • In 1752, England (and the rest of the United Kingdom) adopted the Gregorian calendar eleven days after it was deemed impractical by the rest of the world.
  • If you ate breakfast in Medieval England, you were also often served beer.
  • The first telephone directory for England was published in 1880 and contained 25 names.
  • Queen Victoria loved Valentine’s Day cards. In fact, during her reign, she sent nearly 2500 cards.
  • The English gulp down more tea than anyone else on Earth.
  • The flag of England is called the Union Flag when it is seen on land and Union Jack when it is being used on a ship. „Jack” because it must be flown on the jack mast of a vessel.
  • Newtown is the most popular name for a British town. Over 150 towns are named Newtown.
  • England boasts the company that is the third largest employer on Earth. The National Health Service is preceded only by China’s Red Army and India’s main railway.
  • England is known for cities and town with long names. It may shock you to know that Ely is the city in England with the shortest amount of letters it the name.
  • It is common knowledge that Athelhampton house is haunted by three ghosts. What isn’t common knowledge is that one of them is an ape.
  • Over 12,000 accidents happen per year when English people put on socks, pantyhose or other type stockings.
  • Big Ben is not the name of the entire building that contains the clock. The name is actually what the bell inside the tower is called. The structure is actually called St. Stephen’s Tower.
  • The tallest Ferris wheel in Europe is housed in London. It was called Millennium Wheel, but has since been redubbed The London Eye.
  • There are over 300 languages spoken by people in the country of England.
  • In England, in pubs or bars, you can have drinks but you are not allowed to get drunk;
  • In London the tube route from Leicester Square to Covenant Garden is the most popular tube route for tourists despite the fact that it is actually quicker to cover this distance on foot!
  • The tube system, despite being the first and the largest underground system in the world, is also the most unreliable and the costliest.
  • The 409 escalators in the London subway cover a distance every week which is approximately equivalent to several trips around the globe!
  •  Not surprisingly, it is considered one of the strangest historical facts that Berengaria of Navarre, who was married to King Richard of England, had never once stepped on English soil!
  • Did you know that the Windsor Castle is the oldest royal residence in the world that is still being used by the royal family and that the Buckingham Palace was built in 1702 on the site of an infamous brothel!
  • It is also believed to be haunted by many ghosts including those of Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth I, King George, and Charles I.
  • The Queen of England, who once enjoyed extensive powers and authority over almost the whole world, and despite all her present majesty and glory, is not allowed to enter the House of Commons simply because she is not its member!
  • And in medieval England even animals were tried in royal courts and punished for damages they inflicted on people or their properties!
  • That London is one of the cities with the high cultural diversity in the world, can be gauged from the fact that about 25% of the inhabitants of London were born outside of England!
  • One of the most well-known theatres of The United Kingdom is the Theatre Royal Bristol that has been continuously staging “Cats” since 1766!
  • Did you know that London has had many names in the past? It was calledLondonium during the Roman Invasion, Ludenwic in Saxon times, andLudenburg during the kingdom of Alfred the Great.
  •  The London Eye is the tallest observation wheel in the world and each rotation takes about 30 minutes.
  • The treasures contained in the British Museum span two million years of world civilization.
  • You must have heard the “London Bridge is falling down” nursery rhyme. Did you know that this rhyme might be over a thousand years old? The Saxons destroyed London Bridge using boats and ropes to tear it down. People think that is how the rhyme originated.
  • Did you know that the River Thames, which flows through London, has over 200 bridges and 20 tunnels.
  •  “The Old Lady of Threadneedle Street” is the nickname of the Bank of England.
  • From 1066 to 1362, French was the official language of England.
  • There was once a rule at Oxford University that forbade students from bringing bows and arrows to class.
  • The village Hay-on-Wye on the border of England and Wales is known as the ‘town of books’. The world’s largest second-hand book market is located in this small village.
  • The world’s first postage stamps were issued in England. Since English were the first to issue postage stamps, England is the only country in the world that does not mention the country’s name on the stamps.

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